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“It was so exiting watching thousands of wildebeest crossing the serengeti, it was an experience of its own, never seen such a thing before, just in Tanzania, just with Ipam Safaris.”

--- Colms Coleman---

CEO Ceba Company

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  • Most people who travel to Tanzania, whether they go there to experience a Tanzania wildlife safari or a Zanzibar beach holiday return home with as many fond memories of the people of Tanzania as they do of the things they did and saw while they were there.

    There are people of many different ethnic origins who call Tanzania home, but the one thing that they all have in common is that they are very proud of their homeland and are more than happy to show visitors on an African safari holiday just what their country is all about and to make their stay as enjoyable as possible.

     As your Tanzania tour experts Ipam Safaris can arrange cultural visits, home visits and even home stays with locals in Tanzania to enrich your experience of this beautiful country even further and your personal guide, who will remain with you for your entire Tanzania holiday will always make sure that they help you feel completely comfortable interacting with the warm, welcoming Tanzanian people by providing translations and social assistance when necessary.

     

     
  • For those on a Tanzania holiday getting the chance to discover more about the people of Tanzania is really an opportunity that should not be missed. How do every day Tanzanians live their daily lives, where do they live and work, what do they do to socialize? How are Tanzanian children educated? All of these questions can be answered by arranging to visit some of the many towns and villages that will be near your African safari base.

    For holidaymakers and tourists who are interested, their local guides can arrange for them to visit local schools, medical centers, markets or to see the work being done by the many conservationists who make it their life work to help preserve the unique Tanzanian environment.

    If the arts are of interest to you can do more than just purchase arts and crafts to take home with you, you can actually go and see local artisans at work or local entertainers rehearsing and performing. You can probably even give some of it a try yourself. 


    CULTURE TO KNOW WHEN IN TANZANIA

    The population in Tanzania is very diverse one and while many Tanzanians still celebrate and honor their personal heritage they have also embraced the modern world. There are a few tribes in Tanzania though who have the most part resisted modernization and its trappings and still lead a very traditional existence. Arranging to visit some of them while you are on Tanzania holiday is something your local guide can do and such a trip will give you a glimpse at not only the way these peoples live their lives today but how they did in the past as well.

    Near Lake Eyasi you can meet with members of a small tribe called the Hadzabe. They speak a click language and as master hunters and gatherers can show you how to light a fire without a match or the best way to hunt using only a bow and arrow!

    The Maasai on the other hand are probably the most recognized tribe in East Africa and tribe members are happy to show tourists how they construct their mud homes, allow them to meet – and sing – with their children and the gentlemen are always ready to demonstrate their legendary jumping prowess for an admiring crowd.


    HOME VISITS AND STAYS

    If you truly want to experience what it is like to live in Tanzania while you are there on a Tanzania holiday then you should consider asking your guide to arrange for you to spend a day and night with an everyday Tanzanian family in their home.

    There you will be able to learn all about their daily routines, what they like to do or simply exchange stories and anecdotes while you enjoy a home cooked meal. If you are staying overnight you will have your own room and will be offered a hearty breakfast before you bid your new friends farewell and continue on your African safari holiday.

     
  • For those going on their first safari and beach holidays in Tanzania there are always a concern about just what they should expect and how they should prepare. This is understandable; Tanzania is a very different place than the one you are coming from. What should you pack? What will the weather be like? What precautions should you take? How should you behave?

     We hear all of these questions from those going on an African safari holiday to Tanzania as well as many others. All though we cannot give you definitive answers to all of your questions over the next few pages we hope we have answered and a lot of them and you can always feel free to contact us with anymore we might not have.

     


    Visas and Passport

     Typically Tanzanian tourist visas are valid for 6 months from the date of issue. So, while planning ahead for visas is a good thing, make sure the visa is still valid for the length of time you plan to travel in Tanzania. Application details and forms can be found on Tanzanian Embassy web sites. Tanzanian embassies issue single ($50) and double ($100) entry visas (handy if you're planning to cross over to Kenya or Malawi for a few days). They do not issue visas for more than two entries.You can obtain a visa at all airports in Tanzania as well as at the border crossings, but it is advised to get a visa ahead of time. Every traveler should also carry their passport at all times and the passports must be valid for 6 months from date of entry

    Tourists from the following countries do not require a visa for entry to Tanzania:

    For stay up to 90 days and nationals of;

    • Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region (SAR) passport)
    • Kenya, Macao (Special Administrative Region passport)
    • Rwanda & Uganda

    There is now also a legal requirement that all visitors to Tanzania provide both biometric fingerprints and photographs on arrival and departure from the country so do be prepared to comply with that policy.

    Entry requirements may change from time to time and should be checked with the High Commission of Tanzania for the latest requirements well in advance of your planned departure date.

    “When on a Tanzania holiday travellers from the following countries should carry their visas with them at all times”

     ·United Kingdom

    ·United States

    ·Canada

    ·Australia and

    ·Most countries in the EU


    Health and Safety

    If you are going on a Tanzania holiday the best thing to do is to contact your GP about eight weeks prior to you trip to discuss specific vaccination and other preventive medical treatments. There are no mandatory vaccinations for travelers from the UK but some may be advisable. Malaria is still common in Tanzania and so discusses the proper precautions with your health care provider as they best apply to you. 

    Those on African safari in Tanzania should be aware of the fact that outside Dar es Salaam medical facilities are quite limited, so making sure that you do have adequate travel health insurance that will not only cover immediate medical treatment but also possible repatriation is important. The national medical emergency telephone number in Tanzania is 112 and from a call to that number an ambulance may be dispatched in the case of a severe medical emergency.

    Safety

    The people of Tanzania are generally warm friendly and welcoming to tourists and the majority of those who visit the country enjoy a trouble free Tanzania holiday. As is the case in many parts of the world though the incidence of muggings, especially in more urban areas have increased so visitors need to exercise common sense to stay as safe as possible. As a general rule you should never walk by yourself, something that is especially true for females and if you are walking on the road walk towards the traffic whenever possible and carry bags facing away from the road at all times.

    You should not make yourself an obvious target for pickpockets or others by carrying large sums of cash, wearing expensive jewellery or displaying a lot of cameras or electronics. If possible only use transportation arranged by your local accommodations staff and avoid unlicensed taxis. Licensed taxicab drivers in Tanzania carry official identification and licensing and you should always ask to see that before accepting the transport.

    Driving can be difficult in Tanzania as the road conditions are often less than perfect so considerable care should be exercised if you chose to drive rather than using a local driver. The conditions in certain areas of the National Parks can be particularly hard to navigate for a first time visitor, so there you may be best leaving most of the driving to those who have traveled the roads before! if you are stopped while driving at any time ask to see official identification immediately as there have been cases where persons posing as police officers have collected 'fines' from unsuspecting tourists.

    Weather and Seasons

    As it contains both the lowest and the highest points in Africa the fact that the climate in Tanzania varies a great deal should be no surprise to those on holidays to Tanzania and Zanzibar. The beautiful coastline of Tanzania, including the exotic Zanzibar is almost always hot and a little humid while the higher elevations of the Central region can bring much cooler temperatures.

    Between June and October, the average temperatures in Tanzania can range from about 68F (10C) in the northern most highlands to around 73F (23C) on the coast. From December to March, almost every day dawns warm and sunny and there is often not a single cloud to be seen in the sky.

    Tanzania's proximity to the Equator famously brings two rainy seasons to the land every year. The long rains – known locally as the masika – fall from the middle of March until the end of May. The land then dries up again until the vuli – the short rains – begin to fall, intermittently most of the time, through November and December.


     Money and Foreign Exchange

    The official currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (Tshs) but the easiest form of currency to exchange in the country is actually the US dollar as the Shilling is a weaker, less stable currency and many merchants prefer to work with the stronger dollar. You should have a mixture of currency on hand though as many local merchants and smaller accommodations will still prefer you pay in Shillings and you may get a better price that way.

    Currency Exchange

    Those traveling on a Tanzania holiday will find that there are foreign exchange bureaus and banks in most of the larger towns and cities as well as at the airport. Banks tend to operate at very similar times to the banks back home – including being open on a Saturday – while most foreign exchange bureaus tend too have longer and more flexible hours.

    Using Credit and Debit Cards

    VISA and MasterCard debit and credit cards are accepted at most of the larger hotels, lodges and dining establishments in Tanzania and you can find ATM machines in most of the larger towns and cities.

    Those on a Tanzania holiday should not rely solely on their credit and debit cards though, as outside the more urban areas of the country they are not widely accepted at all and you will need to have cash on hand to pay for most things. You should also keep small bills on hand for tipping purposes.

     


    Airports in Tanzania

     

    Most people heading to Tanzania on holiday will arrive at one of the two international airports in Tanzania – JK Nyerere International Airport in Dar-es-Salaam or the Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA) near Arusha. In addition domestic air service is available at the following major airports:

    • Kisauni Airport (Zanzibar)
    • Arusha Airport
    • Dodoma

    Small charter flights take off from many other destinations and your tour guides will advise you where those are if you are planning such a flight.

     

     

     

     
  • Traveling to Tanzania for an African safari holiday is truly like traveling to the Africa you always dreamed about. And who wouldn't want to be able to visit a place where some of the names of the travel destinations on an itinerary are some of the most legendary places of all – The Serengeti, Lake Victoria, Mount Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar to name just a few!


    Why choose to go to Tanzania

    The great reasons are almost too many to list but not only is Tanzania one of the safest and most politically stable regions on the African continent it is also home to the amazing well known destinations you probably even learned about as a child – the sprawling Serengeti Plains, the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, the fascinating Ngorongoro Crater and the historic, exotic and fabled islands of the Zanzibar Archipelago.

    In addition to these well-known destinations the country as a whole simply offers the finest African safari and African holiday experiences to people of all tastes on the continent. Tanzania is a place that offers unique experiences for wildlife enthusiasts, history buffs, photography fans and beach lovers.

    In addition to the huge number of natural wonders that Tanzania offers it is also a land that is rich in cultural diversity and boasts some of the most spectacular architecture – and historical ruins – that can be found in Africa. Complement all of this with the warmth and friendliness of her citizens and Tanzania really is a land that offers all the best characteristics of Africa in a single country and a place that will offer more than a holiday you'll love it will give you wonderful memories that will last a lifetime.


    Traveling Destinations in Tanzania

    Tanzania is a sprawling country spread out over 364,898 square miles (945,203 km). For political and administrative purposes the country is divided into twenty six different regions but for a visitor to Tanzania on an African safari holiday, a Tanzania honeymoon or a simple Tanzania beach holiday it is more helpful to think of the country in terms of its three major travel areas.

    Northern Circuit – Northern Tanzania is home to many of the things that have made Tanzania such a popular place to visit – the sprawling Serengeti that is home to so many animals and forms of flora and fauna, the amazing to behold Ngorongoro crater, a natural wonder that has a denser population of wildlife than anywhere else in Africa and of course the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa.

    Western and Southern Circuit – Much of these regions are still very much unspoiled and larges areas are even almost completely unexplored. However as they gain reputation as some of the best wilderness regions on the continent then more and more visitors is discovering its treasures. The amazing Selous Game Reserve offers the chance to get up close to some of the world's most extraordinary selection of wildlife while the Gombe Stream National Park is one of the last natural chimpanzee habitats in the world. and the Mahale Mountains National park offers tropical rain-forests and deep lagoons that just beg to be explored.

    Coastal Circuit - Most people have heard of Zanzibar – the original tropical getaway and the place that most people conjure up in their minds when they think of their perfect beach paradise, even if they have never seen it! However there are many more beautiful beaches and amazing marine environments dotted up and down the coast of Tanzania, each of them offering something different to those on a Tanzania holiday.


    People of Tanzania with their language and culture;

    A united people
    There are over 120 different ethnic groups among Tanzania’s population. But no one group is dominant, many being fairly small.

    Nomads
    In northern Tanzania, groups speak Khoisan or ‘click-sound’ languages, such as the Sandawe. Some groups speak Nilotic languages such as the Maasai. These nomads live as they have for centuries, herding cattle across large areas and living off the animals' milk, blood and meat. The Maasai are particularly known for their distinctive dress and the warrior-status of their men. Males go through a number of stages, from junior warrior to senior elders.

    Among the different ethnic groups, the vast majority are Bantu-speakers; the largest is the Sukuma, with others including the Nyamwezi, the Makonde and the Chaga of the Kilimanjaro region.

    Unlike in other African countries, most people identify themselves as Tanzanian first and foremost. This reflects the ideals which were introduced by the leader of the nation for over twenty years, Julius Nyerere – see History & Politics.

    Under his leadership, the learning of Swahili was prioritised over local languages. Swahili is therefore widely spoken as the national language.

    English is used as the language of higher education, as well as in business and government. And in Zanzibar and other predominantly Muslim places, Arabic is also spoken. There are also small communities of Asians speaking languages such as Gujarati and Hindustani.

    The arts and sport

    With a national pride in Swahili, novels and poetry in the language are popular and there is a strong background of literature. The graphic arts are also important. The colourful and distinctive tinga tinga paintings (mainly of animals and birds) and the ebony carvings of the Makonde people are particularly prized. Sculptures and carvings are also made for the important tourist industry.

    Tanzania has a wide range of sports. But as in many countries, football is the national obsession.

    Religions side-by-side
    With large communities of both Muslims and Christians, it’s not uncommon for towns to have a mosque and a church. And festivals/holidays of both religions are given equal recognition.

    Politeness and tolerance
    From a young age, Tanzanian children are taught how to be polite and respectful. They will normally greet their elders with the phraseshikamoo, which literally translates as ‘I hold your feet’.

    Due to the sense of brotherhood fostered by Julius Nyerere, adults will frequently address strangers as dada (sister) or kaka (brother), or alternatively as ndugu (comrade or relative). Serious friction between people of different groups or religions is rare. 


    Cities and Towns of Tanzania

    You will not find too may large modern cities while visiting the country on a Tanzania holiday but what the towns and villages across the country lack in size they most certainly make up for in character. Most people visiting the country on an African safari holiday will make at least a stop in the largest city in the country –Dar es Salaam. Although it is no longer the official capital of the country – that honor now belongs to Dodoma – it is still considered to be the social capital of Tanzania as the new capital is not really very well known outside the country.

    Arusha on the other hand could be considered the safari tourism capital of Tanzania as its unique location puts it in easy reach of the best known and most visited game reserves an National Parks.

    Every town you might visit on a Tanzania holiday will have its own unique character though. Many of them have been influenced over the centuries by a number of different cultures and while some still retain a very Arab influences Eastern flavour the Europeans who came to Tanzania – the Portuguese, the Germans and the British – all left a lasting mark which when mingled with the African spirit of the land makes for truly diverse and fascinating towns that offer visitors a new experience wherever they go.


    The History and Economy of Tanzania;

    The United Republic of Tanzania came about when two counties with long, rich histories – Tanganyika and Zanzibar – came together to form one nation. The history of the nation and the story of its economic development could fill dozens of books (and has) but this simple time-line will help visitors better understand the country that they are guests in:

    The Early Centuries Anno Domini – Groups of Bantu farmers migrate to the areas that will one day become Tanganyika and Zanzibar from both the South and the West, displacing many of the original ethnic groups that have been living there for many centuries.

    8th – 12th centuries – Persian, Indian and Arab traders discover the area and quickly build highly advanced cities all along the coast that include Kibaha, a large settlement that was the most important city in the region until it was destroyed in 1500s.

    Late 1400s – Early 1800s – Portuguese explorers travel to the East African coast and claim the entire area for themselves. Their control of the area however is only ever nominal and by the early 1800s they found themselves being driven out for good.

    Mid 1800s – More Europeans arrive to explore the country, led by intrepid English explorers and fervent German missionaries.

    1840 – The Sultan Seyyid Said, an Omani Arab, moves his base of operations from Muscat to Zanzibar where he begins promoting a very lucrative trade in ivory, spices and slaves.

    1876 - Said is coerced into ceasing his slave trade by the British. 1884 – The head of the recently formed Society for German Colonization, one Karl Peters, brokers a series of treaties with tribal chiefs in the country's interior, which establishes a German protectorate across the area.

    1886 -1890 - More treaties are signed that designate British and German areas in the interior of the country. In the process Zanzibar becomes a British protectorate although it is administered by an Arab Sultan.

    1905-1907 The Maji Maji rebellion that seeks to overthrow European rule erupts. 120,000 Africans die, either in battle or from starvation.

    1918 – Britain assumes total control of Tanganyika.

    1954 – The nationalist Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) is founded by Tanganyika African National Union (TANU). 

    1956 - In Zanzibar Abaid Karume founds the The Afro-Shirazi Party 1959 – The British agree to allow internal self government in Tanganyika and appoint Nyerere chief minister. later that year the country achieves complete independence and Nyerere becomes president.

    1963 – Zanzibar is also granted independence.

    1964 – Zanibar and Tanganyika form a union, creating the United Republic of Tanzania.

    1970s – Increasing oil prices begin to seriously endanger the country's economic stability.

    1977 – TANU and the Afro-Shirazi Party merge together to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi.

    1977 Idi Amin's Ugandan invasion attempt costs more than $500 million to repel, plunging the economy of Tanzania into chaos.

    1985-86- Julian Nyerere is succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi, who accepts the International Monetary Fund's and World Bank's Structural Adjustment Package (SAP) in order to qualify for increased borrowing and a rescheduling of debt payments.

    1995 – The very first multi party elections are held in Tanzania

    As you can see the people of Tanzania have survived a lot, especially throughout the 20th century. Although still a poor nation, the Tanzanian economy is growing. It is still very dependent upon agriculture, in which 75% of the population are still employed but making more of its other natural resources, including natural gas, precious metals including gold and the exclusive top the country tanzanite and its budding tourism industry are all contributing factors in the gradual rebuilding of the Tanzanian economy.


     Weather and Geography of Tanzania

    Because Tanzania is so close to the equator the seasonal temperature variations are in no way extreme. But as it is such a large country the climate and general weather conditions do vary considerably from region to region:

    The climate along the beautiful Tanzanian coast, the place to head for the perfect Tanzania beach holiday, is a tropical one that can be quite humid at times. The sea breezes do compensate for that though, especially out on the islands and the average year round temperature range is around 27-29 C (80 – 84F)

    In the far north and the central and western areas of Tanzania the temperature is altered by the fact that it mainly consists of highland plateau. For the most part they hover around 25C (77) for much of the year but the temperature can drop as low as 20C (68F) in June and August and rise as high as 30C (86F) between December and March.

    In the very mountainous areas of Kilimanjaro, Arusha and Mara the temperatures are similar to those on the coast but during the months of June and July it is not too unusual for the mercury to drop down to around 15C (59F) at night. And if you happen to be around the Rungwe Mountains at that time it can get as cold as 6C (42) after the sun sets.

    There are two rainy seasons in Tanzania – the long rains that fall between March through May and the short rains that fall as briefer downpours between November and early January.

    The most rain falls in the mountainous regions of the north east and the southwest with around 2000mm of annual rainfall. By way of contrast the central regions are almost semi-arid and less than 500mm of rain generally falls on an annual basis. along the coast and out on the islands rainfall totals vary – ranging from 900mm – 1900mm from year to year.

     
  • This actually depends on your interests, and when exactly you want to travel;

     

    When is the best time for you to go to Tanzania will depend upon your specific interests, what you want to see and do and why you are making the trip? Often the time of year that is perfect for one customer's Tanzania safari holiday is the worst for another's!

     

     

    Weather and Climate – The weather and the climate have a big influence on what might be the right time for you to travel to Tanzania. We can guide you according to past experience but there are no guarantees (even the best weather forecaster cannot offer those) and the weather in east Africa is becoming as unpredictable as it is in many other parts of the world, due, experts believe, to the effects of global warming. There have been disastrous droughts when the rains should be falling plentifully and there have been heavy downpours in desert areas that never used to see a drop of rain.

     

    The sheer size of Tanzania does not help predict the water either and the general weather and climate conditions will vary considerably from place to place. In general though the main rainy season in Tanzania – what locals call the long rains – occur in March, April and through the end of May. Most tropical downpours occur in the afternoon hours, the humidity is quite high and the temperatures hover in the low to mid thirties.

     

    During the long dry season – June through October – rainfall becomes unusual, even on the less predictable (in terms of weather ) islands. The temperatures will vary with the altitude but usually it is sunny but less humid and the skies are clear and blue. Its a great time to visit Tanzania, especially if you have plans to get in some quality beach time!

     

    Between November and the end of December the rains return again, but these are the 'little rains" They are far less frequent than in the rainy season and they are usually gone by January when the land dries up again for a few weeks ahead of the return of the long rains of March.

     

    The Best Time to Visit Tanzania to See the Wildebeest Migration

     

    Many people who want to go on a Tanzania holiday want to do so when they can experience one of the natural wonders of the world first hand – the migration of the wildebeest across the Serengeti national park.

     

    This event is dictated by the rains too and the simple fact is that the wildebeest – and their traveling companions the zebras, impalas, elands and gazelles – are on the move all year long, you just need to know where to find them at any given time.

     

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