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 Weather and Geography of Tanzania

Because Tanzania is so close to the equator the seasonal temperature variations are in no way extreme. But as it is such a large country the climate and general weather conditions do vary considerably from region to region:

The climate along the beautiful Tanzanian coast, the place to head for the perfect Tanzania beach holiday, is a tropical one that can be quite humid at times. The sea breezes do compensate for that though, especially out on the islands and the average year round temperature range is around 27-29 C (80 – 84F)

In the far north and the central and western areas of Tanzania the temperature is altered by the fact that it mainly consists of highland plateau. For the most part they hover around 25C (77) for much of the year but the temperature can drop as low as 20C (68F) in June and August and rise as high as 30C (86F) between December and March.

In the very mountainous areas of Kilimanjaro, Arusha and Mara the temperatures are similar to those on the coast but during the months of June and July it is not too unusual for the mercury to drop down to around 15C (59F) at night. And if you happen to be around the Rungwe Mountains at that time it can get as cold as 6C (42) after the sun sets.

There are two rainy seasons in Tanzania – the long rains that fall between March through May and the short rains that fall as briefer downpours between November and early January.

The most rain falls in the mountainous regions of the north east and the southwest with around 2000mm of annual rainfall. By way of contrast the central regions are almost semi-arid and less than 500mm of rain generally falls on an annual basis. along the coast and out on the islands rainfall totals vary – ranging from 900mm – 1900mm from year to year.